state policies on minority cultures

state policies on minority cultures
The PRC’s basic policy on minority cultures is to promote and support them, provided they do not threaten the socialist state or risk separatism. The Law on Regional National Autonomy (see autonomous regions) bans discrimination against minorities or their cultures, but also forbids acts that undermine unity or instigate division. The policy defends the use of the local language in government, education and law (and see bilingual education). Publication in ethnic languages is encouraged as well, official statistics showing that the number of newly published books in ethnic languages rose from 1,385 titles and 11.24 million copies in 1989 to 1,473 titles and 18.96 million copies in 1999 (see ethnic minority literary collections; minority presses).
However, policy also requires the spread of Modern Standard Chinese (putonghua) and, with the exception of a few minorities like the Uighurs, Tibetans and Koreans, the local languages are seriously losing out to Chinese.
The state has invested heavily in collecting and preserving the traditional arts of the minorities, and in setting up cultural institutions such as professional song-and-dance and drama troupes and museums showcasing the minority arts. As China modernizes, these professionalized traditional arts are losing hold in most places, including among the minorities. Many of the troupes perform more for tourists than for local people. The number of personnel in professional ethnic song-and-dance troupes in the minority areas fell from 4,908 in 1994 to 3,897 in 1999.
See also: Tibetan theatre
Mackerras, C. (1995). China’s Minority Cultures, Identities and Integration Since 1912. New York: St Martin’s Press; Melbourne: Longman.

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Separation of church and state — Part of a series on Freedom Concepts …   Wikipedia

  • autonomous regions, prefectures, counties and banners — These are the three main levels of autonomous administrative areas for the PRC’s minority nationalities. There are five autonomous regions (zizhiqu), which are equivalent in level to provinces. They are the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region (set… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • Model minority — Sociology …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism in Inner Mongolia — Since 1978, as a minority, the Inner Mongols have enjoyed a more favourable religious policy than the Han (see state policies on minority cultures). In the 1980s, the state financed the first large restoration of Buddhist temples to promote… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Criticism of multiculturalism — questions the multicultural ideal of the co existence of distinct ethnic cultures within one nation state. Multiculturalism is a particular subject of debate in certain European nations that were once associated with a single, homogeneous,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”